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Cycling Components

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Do you want to know more about cycling components?

The components are, together with the frame, the fundamental part of a bicycle. Today the bicycle components market is one of the most powerful and, therefore, year after year we find them more sophisticated and with better competitive advantages. The most prominent components of a bicycle are the wheels, the drivetrain (cassettes, chains, chainsets, chainrings, etc.), the brakes, the handlebars, the forks and rear shocks, the saddles and the tyres.

How to choose the components of a bicycle?

For all components we must take into account the manufacturer, which should preferably be of recognised category. From here, the price and characteristics will vary depending on the model.

First, we must consider the use : recreational, transport or sports. In the first two cases, it is better to bet on resistance, comfort and, above all, simplicity. Bicycles for sporting use, starting from a certain range, tend to have mechanical components that are too complex, may not be necessary and that require more maintenance. For sporting use, always take into account your level of fitness and the type of cycling you will be doing.

In the case of the MTB , the most important components would be the front suspension, the rear shock (in case of double suspension), the front and rear derailleurs and the wheels.
Depending on whether we like more forest tracks or trails and rocky descents we will choose a type of suspension with more or less travel.
We can also choose our cranks and chainrings depending on whether we are going to ride on steep and difficult terrain, since several gears are required, or in the city or on simple roads, where only one or two gears may be required.
26 inch wheels are the standard for downhill, freeride and BMX bikes, while 29 inch wheels are increasingly popular for endurance, cross country or trail cycling. 29 inch wheels have the advantage that they improve pedal power, offering more acceleration and better traction, but on the other hand they are heavier and more difficult to manoeuvre. Therefore, the last generation of wheels, are the 27.5 inches, with the smae advantages of traction and acceleration as the 29 inch ones, but without adding excessive weight or reducing maneuverability.
Mountain bike handlebars can be flat or upright. The former favours aerodynamics on the bike, since keeping the arms closer together and holding a less upright position allows the cyclist to reach higher speeds and increases the traction of the front wheel on uphill tracks, by being more inclined over the handlebars. Upright or riser handlebars increase comfort and stability by placing the arms further apart and the body more upright. They also increase control over the bicycle and add safety on descents. For this reason it is rare to see flat handlebars on bicycles with double suspension. Road bike handlebars are for holding a more inclined position on the bicycle. The hands can adopt four different positions that will change depending on the gradient of the road.

The components of a road bike are the pedals, the derailleurs, the brakes and the gear shifters. Their prices vary depending on their weight and precision.

10-speed shifters are the standard for medium to high range road bikes, although some bikes offer 11-speed options. Starting bikes have 8 or 9 speeds. Choosing between double or triple chainsets (2 or 3 chainrings in the front) will depend on how and where you are going to ride your bike. Triple chainsets offer a wider range of gear changes, making ascents easier. Experienced cyclists are usually strong enough to use double chainsets. Those with less experience, or urban cyclists who ride with their bikes loaded, should look for bikes with triple chainsets. Most non-competitive bicycles are assembled with the so-called Compact chainset; two slightly smaller chainrings, usually of 34 and 50 teeth, this allows cyclists to tackle practically any type of route even if their physical state is not optimal.

The wheels are the star component of road bikes. The total weight and speed of the bike depend to a large extent on them. Carbon fiber and aluminum wheels are the most common. The use of aerodynamic or lenticular wheels are also common, especially on track or triathlon bikes. They have a high resistance to air, especially when spinning at high speeds.

Regarding the brakes , hydraulic discs have been introduced in mountain bikes and it is rare to find any bicycles with rim brakes or V-Brakes as standard. In road bicycles, rim or caliper brakes (or speed reducers) predominate, and disc brakes are only being introduced in cyclo-cross because of their greater power on wet terrain.

When it comes to tyres , tubeless ones will offer us a better performance than clinchers, by reinforcing the puncture protection thanks to the action of the liquid inside the tyre. Resistance and comfort are the main advantages of tubeless tires, despite the greater complexity involved in terms of assembly or maintenance. Another type of tire is tubular which are noramlly used for competition. With an inner tube completely wrapped in the tyre, they allow for better tracing power in bends, absorption of vibrations and comfort.

As for the pedals , for sports use it is better for them to be automatic; they improve the performance on the bicycle, allowing more strength to be transferred with the legs. In addition, they prevent injuries by keeping the knee always in the same position. For in the city it is much more comfortable to use any classic platform pedal.

The saddle is a component that must be chosen personally. The width should be set according to the distance between the ischia (the lower bones of the pelvis), which in the case of women is usually greater, and the inclination of the body when pedaling. As we lean our body forward with a more sporting position, the distance between the ischia decreases. The most important of all is to sit by placing the ischium in the widest part of the saddle, this will ensure that the perineal and genital area is free of compressions ensuring a good blood flow to the legs.

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Opinions featured in Cycling Components

Saddle Selle SMP Plus black
Great job !!
Great thank you
Anonomous user, the 5 February 2019
Vredestein 700x20-23 Presta Valve 60mm Inner Tube
Super light
light tubes with great puncture resistant
Anonomous user, the 4 February 2019
Vittoria Lite 700 (25 / 32C) Presta Valve 80mm Inner Tube
Only 32C tubes with 80mm valves
I’ve just bought 25mm wide, 50mm deep carbon wheels and wanted to keep my 32C city tyres on for comfort (plus they’re new). After looking into valve extenders, realising they’re a bit hit and miss, and then realising you need tubes with removable valve cores (meaning I’d need new tubes anyway) I decided to just do the job properly and buy the right tubes for the job. Vittoria seem to be the only ones currently making tubes for 25-32C tyres with 80mm valves, so I guess that makes them my go to for now! Continental, step your game up!
Anonomous user, the 4 February 2019
Tacx Trainer Tyre 27.5 x 1.25
Works great
Was not easy to put on at first, but was able to fit it on my rim and it works great. I have a mtb 27.5 whelles and this is a great puechase for riding on my indoor trainer. Would recommend.
Anonomous user, the 1 February 2019
Zipp 182 Freehub Body for Shimano 2005/2008 Red
Genuine Zipp Replacement Freehub
Replacement Zipp freehub for dimpled 900 disc, fitted easily to my spare disc wheel.
Anonomous user, the 31 January 2019
SHIMANO MTB SH56 Cleats w/o Cleat Nut (Pair)
Satisfactory
What I had expected
Anonomous user, the 31 January 2019
Brooks England Cambium C17 All Weather Saddle Red
On time delivery
I like the product because the color is match with my bike. Deporvillage gave me good services
Ali Azmy, the 30 January 2019
Continental Trail King Performance Wire Bead MTB Tyre
Good quality.
Highly recommend.
Anonomous user, the 22 January 2019
Continental 700x20-25 Presta Valve Inner Tube 60 mm
Spare tube.
Use it as spare tube for track bike.
Anonomous user, the 17 January 2019
Massi 700X18-20-23-25 60 mm Presta Valve Inner Tube
For track bike.
So far,so good.
Anonomous user, the 17 January 2019
Michelin Lithion 2 V2 700x23 Tyre Red
Foldable and reasonable.
Use for hometrainer,so far good and reasonable priced.
Anonomous user, the 17 January 2019
Fizik Arione 00 Saddle Black Anthracite
Fizik Arione
Have the R1 i was looking to up grade so went for 00 at 140g it's for my summer bike so not tested it yes but looks the biz
Anonomous user, the 15 January 2019
Shimano Altus 8-Speed 42/32/22 175mm Square Chainset Black
excellent service
great communication
Anonomous user, the 19 December 2018
SRAM X5 Trigger 9-Speed Right Hand MTB Shifter (Rear) Black
Mountain bike gear shifter is great easy to use and install
Mountain bike gear shifter is great easy to use and install
Anonomous user, the 17 December 2018
Shimano Altus 8-Speed 42/32/22 175mm Square Chainset Black
Very good price and excellent costumer services
Fantastic service Deporvillag is my first choice now after a great experience
Mohammed, the 13 December 2018
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